The COVID-19 Pandemic and the Resulting Impact on Trafficking

Title: Prostitution During the Pandemic: Findings Show Need for Nordic Model

Source: Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

Year: August 2020

Contributors: Debra K Boyer

Summary: “Prostitution During the Pandemic: Findings Show Need for Nordic Model” takes a deep dive into the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the demand for prostitution, the health and safety of sexually exploited women, and the potential of the Nordic Model to address inequities. Despite original signs the sex industry was declining due to COVID-19, new evidence shows the business is evolving and growing within the realities of the pandemic and women are increasingly at risk. Thus, this article makes an argument for sweeping structural change and a holistic approach to diminishing the demand for the sex industry.

Title: Restore COVID Report

Source: Restore

Year: January 2021

Contributors: Brook Parker-Bello PH.D, Kay Buck, Dr. Amanda Eckhardt, Tina Frundt, Amanda Hightower, Bianca Jackson, Mary Frances-Bowley, Jessica Hubley, and Kathy McGibbon

Summary: Restore’s COVID Report is a comprehensive look into the impact of COVID-19 on nine leading anti-trafficking organizations that operate in urban areas with high levels of trafficking. The pandemic has completely changed service delivery and organizational strategy, so this resource aims to share how a handful of organizations within the anti-trafficking field have adapted as a result. The report outlines the modifications, pivots and new best practices being adopted in order to continue serving survivors during the pandemic in hopes to support other organizations and advocates amidst the continued challenge of operating in our COVID world.

Title: Stay at Hope: Understanding and Responding to Human Trafficking During Coronavirus

Source: Labratory to Combat Human Trafficking

Year: May 2020

Contributors: Kara Napolitano

Summary: “Stay at Hope: Understanding and Responding to Human Trafficking During Coronavirus” gives a reflective and informative glimpse into the systems of inequality that have resulted in vastly different and unequal experiences of the COVID-19 pandemic. The article discusses multiple marginalized groups that have been put at higher risk of trafficking and other systems of abuse as a result of the pandemic, but ends on a hopeful reminder of all the amazing work being done to support survivors and create a safer society.


Title: 2020 UNODC Global Report on Trafficking in Persons

Source: United Nations

Year: 2020

Contributors: Kristiina Kangaspunta, Fabrizio Sarrica, Giulia Serio, Kelly Whelan, Jesper Samson, Candence Wills, Suzanne Kunnen, Maria Moser, Lorenz Perszyk, Meabh Branagan, Martina Cataldo and Emmanuelle Klassen

Summary: The 5th edition of the UNODC Global Report on Trafficking in Persons covers the global landscape of trafficking and gives an overview of the patterns being witnessed at national, regional and international levels. As well as global trends, this report covers key issues in anti-trafficking efforts such as extreme poverty, online recruitment, and social norms. Furthermore, the issue of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on trafficking around the world is a major issue discussed at length.


TitleThe Impact Of Covid 19 On Human Trafficking

Contributors: Hannah Stein

Summary: This blog post discusses how human traffickers are capitalizing on the pandemic and the alternative methods traffickers are using to exploit the most vulnerable during the pandemic.


Title: Why Human Trafficking Has Increased during COVID-19

Contributors: Dr. Jarrod Sadulski

Summary: This article discusses how the Covid-19 pandemic and the lockdowns have impacted those vulnerable to being trafficked and helping survivors.


Title: Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Trafficking Persons

Contributors: UNODC

Summary: This report examines how Covid-19 impacted the capacity of state authorities and non-governmental organizations to provide essential services to the victims of human trafficking, as well as how the pandemic exacerbated the systemic and economic and societal inequalities that are among the root causes of human trafficking.

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